EAM S Jaishankar reiterates India’s call for UNSC expansion

India has been campaigning for reforms in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for some time. Against this background, Foreign Minister Dr. S. Jaishankar on Tuesday of India’s stance, saying reform is a tough nut to crack but tough nuts to crack. EAM Jaishankar spoke in an interview at the Lowy Institute in Australia.

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six main organs of the United Nations and consists of 15 members. Of these, five are permanent, including China, Russia, the United States, France and the United Kingdom, and the other 10 rotate every two years. India’s non-permanent status began in 2020 and will end in December this year.

The reforms under discussion would increase the number of permanent and non-permanent members of the UN Security Council. However, growth progress has been slow due to the strong powers of permanent members to oppose reform measures.

“If I look back and think, well, that’s too difficult, I’m not going to do too much in my life. Life has been a series of challenges, especially for a country like India. I would not be discouraged by the difficulty of the challenge. I would put it the other way around,” Jaishankar said.

The Secretary of State also stressed that the UN Security Council had not adequately assisted certain nations in addressing their challenges. “There are entire continents today that actually feel that the Security Council processes do not take their interests into account,” he added.

He also said that some African and Latin American countries felt the UN was doing nothing for them and was damaging the UN’s reputation. “If you go to a UN General Assembly and you talk to countries in Africa and Latin America and the small island countries, not to mention Asia, you have a very, very strong feeling that this is not their UN and I think that is the UN harms”.

Jaishankar also said India has endured a horrific two-and-a-half years with China, which has included the first violence at its border in 40 years. “We’ve had two and a half very difficult years in our relations with China, including the first bloodshed at the border in 40 years, where we actually lost 20 soldiers,” he said, adding the country kept the line of communication with Beijing open since the neighbors have to deal with each other.

“My concern was to keep the communication lines flowing. I called my counterpart Wang Yi and urged him to ensure that there were no escalating or complicated steps on the Chinese side. Diplomacy is communication. It’s not only in relation to China, also in relation to (other countries)… If diplomats don’t communicate with each other, what kind of diplomacy will they engage in?” he claimed.

It should be noted that on September 24, Foreign Minister S Jaishankar pushed ahead with a reform of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) after recognizing the weaknesses of current multilateral institutions in addressing global challenges. He had also hosted a meeting of two separate factions, G-4 and L-69, in New York on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly and discussed how global challenges have brought to the fore the “urgency of United Nations reform and updating”. its most important decision-making bodies”.

According to Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov, India and Brazil are the top candidates for a permanent seat on the UN Security Council. Alongside these two, Japan and Germany are also reportedly competing for a permanent seat. However, according to Jaishankar, India enjoys the support of various countries as it works for the greater and global good.

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